A30.5: Lepromatous leprosy
You have leprosy.
Leprosy is caused by specific bacteria. These bacteria are probably transmitted by direct contact with sick people. After infection, it can take a very long time for symptoms to appear.
Initially, typical spots form on the skin. These spots are usually brighter than the surrounding skin or slightly reddened. The skin can feel numb at these sites.
The leprosy bacteria can damage nerves. Many nerves run from the spinal cord and brain to the organs, skin and muscles in the body. The affected nerves are sometimes thickened. It may also no longer be possible to move affected muscles. The nerve damage can cause feeling to disappear in some skin areas. As a result, injuries often go unnoticed or are only detected belatedly. Wounds can then easily become inflamed. This can lead to areas of the skin necrotizing. The fingers or toes are often affected by this.
When the defense system is weakened, the leprosy bacteria can spread in the body. The bacteria can then damage organs. This can make you seriously ill. Swellings form in the skin that disfigure the face, among other things. The bacteria also frequently damage muscles and bones.
On medical documents, the ICD code is often appended by letters that indicate the diagnostic certainty or the affected side of the body.
- G: Confirmed diagnosis
- V: Tentative diagnosis
- Z: Condition after
- A: Excluded diagnosis
- L: Left
- R: Right
- B: Both sides
Provided by the non-profit organization “Was hab’ ich?” gemeinnützige GmbH on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG).