B21: Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease resulting in malignant neoplasms
You have a cancer due to your HIV.
The tissue in the body is made up of cells. With cancer, the cells multiply uncontrollably, which leads to a malignant neoplasm (abnormal growth of tissue) developing. The cancer cells can destroy the healthy tissue and spread throughout the body.
The HIV disease is caused by the human immunodeficiency viruses. These viruses are transmitted by certain body fluids. These are mainly sperm and vaginal fluids as well as blood. Because of this, the viruses are transmitted during sex or through blood, for example.
You may then have various problems with this disease. For example, the human immunodeficiency viruses damage certain immune cells of the body. For this reason, you can get infected with other disease pathogens more quickly. In addition, the body’s immune system may not recognize altered cells, either. Due to this, you may get certain cancer diseases more quickly. The human immunodeficiency viruses can also damage certain cells in the brain. Sometimes there are also no symptoms with the HIV disease over a longer period of time. If you become seriously ill and have certain problems due to the human immunodeficiency viruses the disease is then called AIDS.
As a result of your HIV you are ill with a particular cancer. This may be, for example, a certain cancer on your skin or cancer in your lymph nodes.
Provided by the non-profit organization “Was hab’ ich?” gemeinnützige GmbH on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Health (BMG).