Deep vein thrombosis occurs when a blood clot forms in the veins. The possible symptoms include tenderness, red skin or lower leg swelling.
During a stroke some of the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. This causes sudden severe headaches, paralysis or slurred speech.
Sepsis, also known as blood poisoning, is an uncontrolled inflammatory reaction of the body to infections. It needs to be treated very quickly in hospital.
A heart attack is where a coronary artery becomes completely blocked so that part of the heart muscle is no longer receiving enough oxygen. Without immediate treatment there is an acute risk of death.
With a coronary heart disease (CHD), the major blood vessels that supply the heart with oxygen are constricted. Shortness of breath and chest pain are possible symptoms.
Many people have high blood pressure. But it often goes unnoticed for a long time. Having blood pressure that is always too high increases the risk of having a heart attack, stroke or kidney problems.
Pleural effusion is a build-up of fluid in the pleural space, i.e. the area between the lungs and the chest wall. Shortness of breath and chest pain are typical signs.
In Dunbar syndrome, a large blood vessel in the abdomen becomes compressed. It is a rare condition. Recurring stomach pains are a typical symptom.
Magnesium is important for bones, muscles, nerves and teeth. A balanced diet normally provides the body with sufficient quantities of magnesium. A magnesium deficiency is easily treated.
An abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs when part of the aorta in the abdomen stretches and bulges outward. It is usually harmless but, if it ruptures, it is a life-threatening emergency.
An aortic dissection occurs when blood penetrates the wall of the body’s main artery (aorta) through a tear, causing the lining of the aorta to split. Emergency surgery is often required.
Mitral valve insufficiency is the second most common heart valve disease in which the valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle leaks.
Aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve. The aortic valve is the valve between the left ventricle of the heart and the aorta.
A pulmonary embolism is usually caused by the blockage of a lung artery, for example if a blood clot from circulating blood has got into the lung. It is an emergency.
If the heart beats too fast and palpitations frequently occur, this can be due to atrial fibrillation. The condition is not immediately life-threatening but can increase the likelihood of a stroke.
Angina pectoris produces sudden, sharp pain in the chest. The pain may occur in connection with physical exertion or stress but also when the body is at rest.
A cardiac arrhythmia like AV block is one reason for the heart to beat very slowly. It is caused by impaired conduction of electrical impulses in the heart. Read on for more information.
Many people experience persistent somatic symptoms with no clear medical cause. Functional somatic syndromes can be caused by stress and conflict.
Heart valve diseases refer to damage to the heart valves over a lifetime. These defects generally arise in older people due to wear and tear.
Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia is when a person's heart suddenly beats very fast. It lasts for a few minutes and stops again just as quickly. The episodes are not necessarily dangerous.
Cardiac arrhythmias are common, especially in older people and in people with other heart problems. They don’t always need treatment.
In people with heart failure, the heart isn't able to pump enough blood around their body. Common signs are shortness of breath, difficulty breathing and exhaustion.
Health professionals speak of “hypercholesterolemia” when cholesterol levels in the blood are too high. Too high levels can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
A transient ischemic attack often precedes a stroke. A TIA happens when part of the brain no longer gets enough blood supply. The symptoms are paralysis, visual impairment and slurred speech.
Varicose veins in the scrotum, also known as varicoceles, are not rare and can affect a man’s fertility.