Vier Kieselsteine in unterschiedlicher Größen, die aufeinander gestapelt sind, wahrscheinlich an einem Strand. Im Hintergrund eine untergehende Sonne, deren Strahlen in Wasser reflektiert werden.


“Psyche” is the ancient Greek word for soul. In modern language usage, it refers to the way a person thinks, feels, and behaves. However, when people talk about mental (psych) disorders, it is not always immediately clear what is meant. Medical practitioners and psychotherapists use the international classification of diseases ICD-10 for diagnosis and treatment purposes.

Generalized anxiety disorder

It is normal to experience fear at times. Fear puts us in a state of readiness so that we can react quickly. However, persistent worry could be an indication of generalized anxiety disorder.

Sleep disorders (insomnia)

People with sleep disorders are often tired and exhausted because they have not had enough restful sleep. Up to one third of people experience problems falling asleep or getting a good night’s sleep.


What is referred to as burnout is usually a personal crisis. It is a reaction to constant stress and overload. But there is no exact scientific definition of “burnout”.


People with depression have sad and negative thoughts for weeks, withdraw from family and friends. Depression determines the way they act and think. Daily life, work, and studying become difficult.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can develop as a result of a trauma that has been experienced. Typical symptoms are flashbacks, anxieties and sleeping problems.


The symptoms of schizophrenia occur in phases or episodes, in which those affected may have delusions, hear voices or feel that they are being watched, for example.

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression is one type of depression that can occur in women shortly after they give birth. Depressive symptoms and feeling very mixed emotions in relation to the baby are typical.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

An obsessive-compulsive disorder can become so intense that it determines the entire daily routine. But there are treatment options which make it possible to get it under control.

Alzheimer’s disease

People with dementia suffer a considerable loss of memory and cognitive functioning. This makes it difficult to cope with everyday life. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to complaints that women can have before their monthly period. Mood swings, headaches and stomach pain are typical.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes extreme fluctuations in mood. The person either feels on an emotional high or feels low and empty.


Autism spectrum disorders are developmental disorders with specific characteristics: people with autism have problems communicating with others and with social competence.


Children with ADHD are particularly inattentive, impulsive, and active. The symptoms markedly improve in adulthood or may even disappear.

Vascular dementia

With vascular dementia, circulatory disorders in the brain lead to a reduction in mental abilities. It is the second most common type of dementia after Alzheimer’s disease.

Non-specific physical disorders (functional somatic syndromes)

Many people experience persistent somatic symptoms with no clear medical cause. Functional somatic syndromes can be caused by stress and conflict.

Premature ejaculation (ejaculatio praecox)

If a man almost always reaches orgasm too soon, this is known as premature ejaculation. Exercises, medication or sex therapy can help.