Eine Patientin sitzt auf einem gynäkologischen Stuhl in einer Arztpraxis und spricht mit einer Frauenärztin.

Reproductive organs

With both men and women, a differentiation is made between the external and internal reproductive organs. In the case of women, reproductive organ disorders can affect the uterus, ovaries or vagina, for example. In the case of men, most such disorders affect the prostate. For example, prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men.

lichen sclerosus

Lichen sclerosus involves the appearance of white patches of skin that often become scarred, usually in the genital area. Severe itching is typical.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a female hormone disorder in which there is an excess of male sexual hormones. PCOS can be treated successfully.

Cervical cancer

In the past, cervical cancer was a common type of cancer in women. Pap smear screening has made it less common. The HPV vaccine can prevent cervical cancer.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia are bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases and frequently go unnoticed.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

A frequent need to urinate, nighttime trips to the toilet, and the feeling that the bladder is never completely empty: these are typical symptoms of a benign enlarged prostate (prostatic hyperplasia).

Breast cancer

In Germany, breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women, with around 70,000 women getting it every year. In many cases, breast cancer can be very effectively treated.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. Around 60,000 men get prostate cancer every year in Germany.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a gynecological disease experienced by women. For some, it is barely noticeable; for others, it causes severe pain. Find out more about the symptoms and treatment.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to complaints that women can have before their monthly period. Mood swings, headaches and stomach pain are typical.

Uterine polyps

Uterine polyps are growths in the endometrium (uterine lining) that are mainly benign. They are often indicated by spotting and breakthrough bleeding. Surgery is not always necessary.

Prostatitis and pelvic pain syndrome

Inflammation of the prostate can have a range of causes. In some cases, it is triggered by bacteria. Typical symptoms include pain and difficulties urinating.

Hydrocele

A hydrocele (testicular hydrocele) is an accumulation of fluid in the scrotum. In most cases, it causes no pain. It is advisable to consult a doctor in relation to the triggers and treatment.

Genital herpes

Genital herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STI). It is triggered by herpes simplex viruses. The risk of becoming infected can be reduced through certain measures.

Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is often detected only at a late stage. The primary treatment is surgery, usually combined with chemotherapy. Targeted therapies are also possible.

Balanitis

If the glans (the head of the penis) becomes red and painful, this may be due to an inflammation. Inflammation of the glans is known as balanitis and is often caused by a yeast infection.

Severe menstrual bleeding

Some women have severe menstrual bleeding. It can be relieved with drugs and surgical interventions. But a treatment is not always necessary.

Pubic lice

Pubic lice are transmitted by physical proximity, particularly through sexual contact. Their bites cause bad itching in hirsute parts of the body. Here you can read what can be done about them.

Prostate stones

Prostate stones are common in men from middle-age onwards, but they are usually harmless. If they cause pain or problems when urinating, they can be treated.

Syphilis

Syphilis is a globally prevalent contagious disease that infects people through sexual intercourse in particular. Learn more about symptoms, prevention, and treatment.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection with the Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcus) bacterium which is found worldwide. Find out more about symptoms, prevention, and therapy.

Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina that are normally rarely found there. The risk of vaginal inflammation is increased.

Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are tissue or fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries. They are generally benign and go away naturally.

Infertility

Being unable to have children due to a fertility disorder can be very stressful and many couples seek medical assistance. Depending on the cause, there are various treatment options.

Menstrual cramps

Menstrual cramps cause cramping and pain in the lower abdomen. Many girls and women are affected. Learn more about what causes menstrual cramps and treatment options.

Vaginal yeast infection

Fungal infections of the vagina occur frequently in women of childbearing age. They often require only brief treatment with vaginal suppositories or creams.

Vaginal prolapse and uterine prolapse

Women may experience weakening of the connective tissue in the pelvic floor for a variety of reasons. As a result, the uterus, urinary bladder, or rectum can sag.

Varicocele

Varicose veins in the scrotum, also known as varicoceles, are not rare and can affect a man’s fertility.

Tight foreskin (phimosis)

Almost all boys are born with a tight foreskin (phimosis). This protects the head of the penis (glans) against friction, drying out and germs. It usually goes away of its own accord.

Premature ejaculation (ejaculatio praecox)

If a man almost always reaches orgasm too soon, this is known as premature ejaculation. Exercises, medication or sex therapy can help.

Endometrial cancer

Endometrial (or womb) cancer is the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs with approximately 11,000 women being diagnosed each year in Germany.

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumor found in men that develops in the testicles. There are two common types – the seminoma and the non-seminoma.

Vulvar cancer

Vulvar cancer is a tumor of the external female reproductive organs. It primarily affects older women but the prevalence among younger women is increasing.