The thyroid gland is classed as overactive when it produces more hormones than usual. This speeds up the metabolism and results in symptoms such as weight loss, perspiration or heart palpitations.
In type 2 diabetes, the blood sugar level is raised because the body’s cells fail to respond properly to the hormone insulin and don’t absorb enough sugar from the blood.
Some people get digestive problems after drinking milk or eating dairy products. This may be due to a lactose intolerance: people affected can only tolerate small amounts of milk sugar.
Typical symptoms of acute gastritis are stomachache, feeling full, bloating, gas and heartburn. In most cases, gastritis is caused by a bacterial infection or the use of certain pain medication.
Crohn’s disease is a chronic disease involving inflammation of sections of the digestive system. Read on to find out what causes it and which treatment options are available.
Anemia is a shortage of the red blood pigment hemoglobin. Possible causes include an iron deficiency and blood loss. Read on to find out more about causes, treatment, and prevention.
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation of the intestinal mucosa. Symptom-free phases alternate with acute phases. It can cause severe pain, diarrhea and weight loss.
Severe heartburn and burping are frequent symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) – also known as chronic acid reflux. Esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus) may also occur.
Being obese, i.e. severely overweight can affect a person’s health, physical resilience and mobility. People with noticeable weight problems are also often vulnerable to prejudice and discrimination.
Diverticula are pouches in the intestinal mucosa. Stool can accumulate in them. Diverticula are often harmless, but can lead to medical conditions such as diverticulitis and intestinal diverticula.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is not dangerous but can be painful and bothersome. Typical symptoms of a nervous bowel include abdominal pain, constipation, and diarrhea.
Symptoms of an infection with noroviruses are vomiting and diarrhea. An outbreak of this illness must be halted quickly.
About 19,000 people in Germany develop pancreatic cancer each year. The tumor is often detected very late and so the chances of recovery are accordingly unfavorable.
With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces very little or no insulin. To supply the body with this essential hormone, people with the disease need daily injections of insulin.
Liver cancer is often only detected at a late stage. As a result, it is often no longer curable. The treatment depends on the stage of the disease.
Bowel cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in Germany. Each year, approximately 58,000 men and women are diagnosed with bowel cancer.
Diabetes in pregnancy (gestational diabetes) increases the risk of certain rare birth complications. This risk can usually be reduced by a change in diet.
Stomach cancer is a malignant tumor condition of the gastric mucosa. In most patients, the tumor originates from the pancreatic ducts of the gastric mucosa.
Indigestion primarily causes stomach ache and an early feeling of satiety or fullness. There are many causes and treatment options.
With cancer in the gallbladder and bile ducts, symptoms often only appear when the disease is in an advanced stage. Such tumors are therefore usually only detected late.
Esophageal cancer is a tumor in the esophageal mucosa. There are two common types: adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
Listeriosis is a bacterial infection caused by consuming contaminated food. Most cases are mild. However, some people may become seriously ill and can even die from listeriosis.
Cirrhosis of the liver is a process in which liver tissue is destroyed and transformed into connective tissue that has no function – up to the point where the liver is completely shrunken.
Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile bacteria can cause intestinal inflammation and diarrhea. The condition is usually triggered by taking antibiotics.
Acute appendicitis is accompanied by severe abdominal pain and usually requires surgery. A possible complication is a ruptured appendix, which can be life-threatening.
Acidosis is a condition in which the body’s pH balance is disrupted. As a result, the pH value of the blood drops and becomes “acidic”. This acidity is usually due to an underlying illness.
Gallbladder obstruction is usually accompanied by spasmodic pain in the upper abdomen. As a result, the bile ducts and gallbladder may become inflamed. The gallbladder is often surgically removed.
Vitamin B is a group of eight vitamins, the most important of which are B1, B6, B9 (folate) and B12. Eating a balanced diet prevents a deficiency in these vitamins.
An ulcer in the duodenum usually occurs as a result of regular use of certain pain medication or infection with specific bacteria. These ulcers are normally easy to treat.
Everyone has hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids only cause symptoms when they become enlarged. Hemorrhoidal disease is treated differently depending on the size of the hemorrhoids and the severity of the symptoms.
A gastric ulcer usually occurs as a result of an infection with certain bacteria or due to long-term use of certain drugs for pain relief. Gastric ulcers are normally easy to treat.
Zinc is a mineral that is important, for example, for growth in children and for the immune system. The body absorbs zinc from food. A balanced diet normally prevents a zinc deficiency.
Pinworm infection is one of the most common human worm conditions. It is usually harmless, and it typically becomes apparent due to itching around the anus.
Magnesium is important for bones, muscles, nerves and teeth. A balanced diet normally provides the body with sufficient quantities of magnesium. A magnesium deficiency is easily treated.
Typhoid is transmitted by bacteria in contaminated drinking water and food. It is recommended that people get a typhoid vaccine before travel to high-risk areas and take care with food and drink.
Cystic fibrosis is a rare, congenital metabolic disorder that cannot be cured. Treatments can help improve patients’ quality of life and life expectancy.
If muscle paralysis occurs in the intestines, the movement of ingested food is obstructed. To avoid symptoms and complications, normal movement of food through the intestines needs to be restored.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is caused by changes to the liver. It does not impair liver function at first. However fatty liver disease can lead to harmful cirrhosis of the liver.
An acutely inflamed pancreas can cause a severe and sudden onset of pain. This is often triggered by gallstones.
Gallstones can trigger spasmodic epigastric pain. They develop from thickened bile fluid. Some people have gallstones without noticing them.
With alcoholic fatty liver disease, a change occurs in the liver. Liver function is not impaired at first. However, this condition can be a precursor of various life-threatening diseases.
Campylobacter infection is an infectious disease with a high temperature and diarrhea. It is generally caused by eating contaminated food of animal origin.
Salmonellosis is an infection caused by bacteria in food. The main symptom is diarrhea. It may be accompanied by abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting.
Diarrheal diseases occur often. They are often the result of a viral infection. Persistent diarrhea must be treated because it can lead to loss of fluid and sodium depletion.
Many people experience persistent somatic symptoms with no clear medical cause. Functional somatic syndromes can be caused by stress and conflict.
Gout is a metabolic disorder that inflames the joints. Acute gout attacks often start at night or early in the morning, with a sudden, painful swelling of the joints.
People with a food allergy usually react to even very small quantities. What are the typical symptoms? How is a food allergy treated?